Qingdao City

City Profile

Geographic Location

Qingdao, on the west shore of the Pacific and the coast of the Yellow Sea, lies in the south of Shandong Peninsula (at 35.35’N-37.09’N and 119.30’E-121.00’E). It faces the Republic of Korea and Japan across the sea in the east.

Administrative Division

Qingdao currently has six districts including Shinan, Shibei, Licang, Laoshan, Huangdao and Chengyang, and four county-level cities of Jimo, Jiaozhou, Pingdu and Laixi.

Total Area

Qingdao has a total land area of 11,282 square kilometers, and a maritime area of 12,200 square kilometers, including 1471 square kilometers of urban area.

Total Population

Qingdao has a total permanent resident population of 9 million and 46 thousand, including a permanent urban resident population of 4 million and 875.9 thousand.

Natural Environment

A coastal and hilly city, Qingdao has twisted coastline dotted with capes and bays. Jiaolai Plain lies in the middle of the city, with Laoshan standing on its east, Dazhushan, Xiaozhushan and Tiejueshan on its west, and Dazeshan on its north. There are three waters, and Dazeshan on its north. There are three water systems including Dagu River, North Jiaolai River and coastal rivers. The city is embraced by three bay clusters including Jiaozhou Bay, Aoshan Bay and Lingshan Bay, with the coastline measuring 863 kilometers long, which covers one-fourth of the total coastline of Shandong Province. Qingdao has 49 bays and 69 islands. Qingdao is also the national leveling origin of 0 meter above sea level.


Qingdao has a temperate monsoon climate with distinctive characteristics of marine climate. The city is endowed with neither very hot summer nor cold winter. The average annual rainfall is 580.8mm, with the average temperature in summer is 24℃ and up 0℃ in winter.

City Tree and Flowers

The city tree of Qingdao is cedar, and the city flowers are honeysuckle and rosa chinensis.

Foreign-related Service Agencies






Qingdao Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation Bureau

Block A, International Trade Center, No.6, Middle Hongkong Road, Qingdao City




Qingdao Overseas Investment Service Center

Floor 19, Huaren International Building, No.2, Shandong Road, Qingdao City




Qingdao Municipal Overseas Investment Promotion Bureau

No.12, Middle Hongkong Road, Qingdao City







Qingdao, China Chamber of International Commerce

No.121, Yan’an San Road, Qingdao City






Qingdao Foreign-Invested Enterprises Association

Floor 15, Block A, No.6, Middle Hongkong Road, Qingdao City






Qingdao International Business Translation Office

Floor 12, Block A, No.6, Middle Hongkong Road, Qingdao City





Qingdao Association of Foreign Economic and Trade Enterprises

Floor 30, Block A, No.6, Middle Hongkong Road, Qingdao City





Qingdao Foreign Economic Cooperation Enterprise Association

Floor 28, Block A, No.6, Middle Hongkong Road, Qingdao City




Qingdao Arbitration Commission

Block B, Futai Square, No.18, Middle Hongkong Road, Qingdao City






Qingdao Business Promotion Commision

Room A, Floor 14, Block A, Futai Square, No.18, Middle Hongkong Road, Qingdao City





Open to the World

As one of the first 14 coastal open cities, Qingdao has gradually integrated into the globalization process in the past three decades. It has witnessed the development stages from earning foreign exchange through exports; utilizing foreign capital via “Three processing and one compensation” (namely assembling with supplied parts; processing with supplied materials and samples and compensation trade); encouraging “Introducing in” and “Going Globally”; being included into the state “Belt and Road Initiative” strategy and positioned as the economic corridor of Neo-Eurasia Continental Bridge and a pivot city for Maritime Cooperation strategy.

Since reform and opening up to the world, Qingdao established economic partner relationship with 30 foreign cities such as Busan of R.O. K., Kyoto of Japan andSan Franciscoof theUSA, and partner city relationship with BRICS such asRio de JaneiroofBrazil, St. Petersburg of Russia, Mumbai of India and Durban of South Africa. Qingdao Centers for Business and Commerce in Singapore and Busan also put into operation. In May of 2014, the Meeting of the APEC Ministers Responsible for Trade was successfully held in Qingdao and the Qingdao Declaration was issued afterwards. The meeting helped Qingdao to improve its fame and reputation and Qingdao made its due contribution to the global economic integration.  

As opening up in 1984, Qingdao respectively established five state-approved economic parks (including state-level economic and technical development zones and special customs surveillance zone) such as Qingdao Economic & Technical Development Zone, Jiaozhou Economic-Technological Development Zone, Qingdao Bonded Port, Qingdao Export Processing Zone, Qingdao Western Coast Export Processing Zone and seven provincial level development zones. In 2014, Qingdao Western Coast New Area became the ninth state-level new area. All the above state new zones, state and provincial-level open parks construct a broad platform for Qingdao’s opening to the world. In the recent years, the Qingdao Bonded Port, Western Coast Export Processing Zone, National Ship Exportation Base, National Electronic Information Innovation Base, National Equipment Manufacturing Base and E-Commerce Pilot City were respectively approved. Qingdao Economic & Technical Development Zone has become the first pilot for mechanism innovation nation-wide. Qingdao Bonded Port was authorized for finished automobile import. The plans for Sino-German Ecopark, Sino-Japan, Sino-R.O.K Cooperation Innovation Industry Park have been developed. Haier-Ruba Economic Zone in Pakistan is the first overseas economy and trade cooperation zone of China. From January to October of 2015, the accounted capital of the 12 provincial-and-above-level economic parks reached 2.62 billion US dollars, accounted for 44.9% of the city’s total; the import and export volume reached 30.27 billion US dollars, for 53.6% of the city’s total. The revenue of the economic zones has contributed a half of the city’s total. 

Development Strategy

In 2011, Qingdao set up the development goal of “taking the lead in scientific development, making a leap towards blue economy and constructing a liveable and happy modern international city”. In December 2013, Qingdao government declared that it would comprehensively deepen the reform to build Qingdao into a prosperous, thriving, harmonious, civilized, beautiful and honest city governed by law, and create decisive fruits in the reform of major fields and crucial links by 2020 among the forefront of the comprehensive reform in China. Presently, Qingdao has accelerated to implement its urban development strategy of “balancing the development of all regions, jointly development the three urban areas, radiating along the axis, being supported by ecological belt, and developing mutually-supported groups".

With regard to “balancing the development of all regions”, it is to further promote the balance of development in rural and urban areas as well as in land and maritime sectors. Reinforce the concept of a greater Qingdao by realizing the coordination of the six urban districts firstly to expand the space for the development of the city and promote Qingdao to develop in mutually-supported groups. Balance the development plan of infrastructure, industrial structure, social causes, public services and management mechanisms to accelerate the development of northern Qingdao and narrow down the gap between southern and northern parts of the city. Protection on core maritime resources is our focus, and protection and utilization of water basin, maritime space and mountains into the overall planning of development is integrated. Three bay-centered areas, namely central, east and west bay areas, are to be built on the basis of the bay clusters of Jiaozhou Bay, Aoshan Bay and Lingshan Bay to realize the integrative development of land and maritime sectors and make their respective advantages complimentary.

As far as “jointly developing the three urban areas” is concerned, a core urban area of the greater Qingdao is to be constituted with three mutually dependant urban centers sitting on the east coast, west coast, and north coast of the city respectively with complementary functions and distinctive features. On the East Coast, Qingdao is renowned for its history and culture. The renewal quality shall be paced up with the principle of connotative development. As to the urban area on the west coast, the priority is to reinforce the advantages of Qianwan Port, State-level Bonded Port and State-level Economic and Technical Development Zone to lead in the development and expansion of marine economy industries, which will, therefore, guide and drive the upgrade and transformation of the industries in Qingdao. For the urban centre on the north coast, the focus is to integrate its surrounding regions and determine its urban scale, development intensity and sequence to build itself into a science-based, and eco-oriented urban area.

As for “radiation along the axis”, the meaning is to build the ecological center axis of Qingdao on the basis of Jiaozhou Bay and Dagu River and construct the ecological backbone of the urban area of the greater Qingdao by renovating the river basins and planning the ecological recovery along Dagu River and the construction of urban centers as a whole. Reconstruct the function frames of the city on the basis of the construction of composite traffic system to be reconstructed. Multi-centered city-clusters along the traffic system with a focus on the rail system is planned to drive the whole city to develop in echelon and in balance by the idea of radiation along the axis. A marine economy belt will be constructed to connect Korea and Japan and serves northeast Asia on the merits of the ports and shipping industry in Qingdao.

Concerning “being supported by ecological belt”, it is to avoid the unordered expansion of city construction and pace up the building of ecological security pattern for the sustainable development of Qingdao with the ecological screen composed of mountains, bays, rivers, wetlands, beaches, forest belts, field lands and various natural reserve areas. By highlighting the theme of “A Green City with Blue Ocean”, Qingdao will accelerate the construction of its eco-system to turn itself into an ecological garden city and improve its ecological culture in urban and suburban areas. Moreover, energy conservation and emission reduction will be further boosted to promote the low-carbon development of the city. Comprehensive improvement on the environment will be continuously implemented to recover the ecological environment of Jiaozhou Bay.

With “developing mutually-supported groups”, a number of functional complementary town clusters shall be established with a foothold of the whole Qingdao city, the ecological center axis, and the comprehensive development belt of the city. The town-cluster system that is framed with the core urban area and the surrounding clusters and complemented with key towns and regular towns is to be completed. A featured, balanced, efficient and closely associated layout of the city will be arranged with a stress on hierarchical and differentiated development as per pre-designed cluster scale and functions. 

An Introduction to Economic Zones and Industrial Parks in Qingdao

Qingdao Economic & Technological Development Zone

Qingdao Economic & Technological Development Zone, approved by the State Council in October 1984, lies on the West Coast of the Jiaozhou Bay. It consists of a national bonded area and new technology pilot industrial development zone, the Phoenix Island Tourist Resort, Qingdao West Coast Export Processing Zone, Qianwan Bonded Port and Sino-German Eco Park. Among all Chinese national development zones, Qingdao Economic & Technological Development Zone is home to the most universities and colleges, including Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao campus of China University of Petroleum and six other universities. Three national new industrialization demonstration bases in household electric appliance, shipbuilding and oceanography engineering, software and information service as well as a national ship export base have been established in the zone. It is also an important safe and environment-friendly petrochemical base and the largest household electric appliance and minicar manufacturing base in North China. It has been ranked among the top 5 national development zones by comprehensive development evaluation for nine consecutive years.

Qingdao Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone

Qingdao Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone is one of the first national hi-tech zones established with the approval of the State Council. The zone follows a path of hi-tech, pollution free, low energy consumption and distinct industries, and spares no efforts to form the “1+3” industrial system. The Development Zone gives priority to the development of software and information service industry while speeding up the development of high-end equipment manufacturing, marine biomedicine and scientific and technological services industry. It has been rewarded the title of “Economic Zone with the Greatest Investment Potential in China”.

Qingdao Qianwan Bonded Port

Qingdao Qianwan Bonded Port was established with the approval by the State Council in November 1992 and started operations in March 1993. It is a special economic zone that falls within the border yet outside customs, follows international conventions, and enjoys the preferential policies of “bonded, tax-free and certificate-free”. The area functions as international logistics, procurement, exhibition, trade, export processing and bonded warehousing centers. As China’s second pilot “Area-Port Integration”site, after Shanghai Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, the area has attracted more than 5,000 companies from over 40 countries to make investment and develop business here, including 38 companies of Fortune 500.

In September 2008, approved by the State Council, Qingdao Qianwan Bonded Port Area became the first bonded port area in China that was established by integrating and upgrading the Free Trade Port Area and Bonded Logistics Park with the guidelines of “functional integration and policy superposition”. Hence the “Qingdao Model” was also established, featuring the integration and upgrade of Area (Free Trade Port Area), Park (Bonded Logistics Park) and Port (proximity to ports). It was listed by the General Administration of Customs as one of the first batch of pilot free trade port areas. In 2012, the area was granted the qualification of importing finished automobiles.

Dongjiakou Port of Qingdao Port

Located at the southern part of Qingdao, Dongjiakou Port borders Rizhao City. It is an important part of Qingdao Port (a national hub). The average depth of the natural coastal waters of Dongjiakou Port is -15 meters, and extending to 1000 meters offshore, the water can be as deep as -20 meters. The planned port area covers 72 square kilometers, while the port industrial zone covers 65 square kilometers. The length of the port’s coastline is about 23 kilometers with 112 berths. The total throughput will reach 370 million tons upon completion. As a key component project in the port area, a 300,000- ton ore dock, has been completed. Within 3 to 5 years, the 20-square kilometers launch area will be put into operation first.

Qingdao Export Processing Zone

Approved by the State Council in March 2003, Qingdao Export Processing Zone officially went into operation in August 2004. As one of the third batch of export processing zones approved by the State Council, it has a planned area of 12.9 square kilometers, of which the functional area covers 2.8 square kilometers. Qingdao Export Processing Zone boasts a very complete and convenient traffic system: with a distance of 36 kilometers from Qingdao Qianwan Bonded Port, 33 kilometers from Qingdao Port, 19 kilometers from Qingdao Liuting International Airport and 10 kilometers from the new Jiaodong International Airport. Qingdao Export Processing Zone will make efforts to achieve the transition from an export processing zone to a comprehensive bonded port, and transition from a pure bonded processing industrial structure to synchronous development of bonded logistics and bonded services. In the mean time, Qingdao Export Processing Zone will upgrade and rebuild three traditional dominant industries, namely electronic information, precision machinery and new materials. Efforts will be concentrated on developing the Zone into an international bonded logistics testing center, a cross-border financial lease business center, an imported commodity bonded exhibition transaction center, a sport culture and ecological leisure center. Besides, the Zone is actively constructing itself as a foreign trade demonstration area in the new urban area of Northern Jiaozhou Bay, a supporting economic area around the airport, and an ecological livable commercial and residential area.

Qingdao West Coast Export Processing Zone

           In May 2006, the State Council formally approved the establishment of Qingdao West Coast National Export Processing Zone, which was set up within the Qingdao Economic and Technological Development Zone. With a planning area of two square kilometers, the zone is adjacent to Qingdao Port, with Jiaozhou Bay Expressway Ring and Jiaoji Railway running though. Export-oriented electronic information, precision machinery, fine chemical, new material, bio-pharmaceutical and other hi-tech industries are the key industries of the zone.

Qingdao Software Park

          Qingdao Software Park is a National Torch Plan software base and a National Demonstration Base for Software Export to Europe and America. The park enjoys an Internet bandwidth of 10,000 M in the park, 1,000 M in each office building and 100 M on each computer; and it has built a digital animation support platform and the first integrated circuit design platform in Shandong province. The park cooperates with such renowned universities as Peking University and Tongji University on Software Engineering Master programs, and has built outsourcing talent field training bases for IBM and Alps. In addition, the park established an investment guarantee company and a financing guarantee platform. So far, the park has attracted over 400 domestic and foreign businesses, including Microsoft and IBM, and over 5,000 software research and development personnel.

National Software and Information Technology Service Industry Demonstration Base (Qingdao)

  In 2012, Qingdao was recognized by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology as one of the first batch of National Software and Information Technology Service Industry Demonstration Bases. The layout of software industry development is implemented on the basis of “East Park, West Valley and North Town”, namely, a new software industry arrangement including National (Qingdao) Communication Industrial Park (East Park), Qingdao Information Valley (West Valley), and Qingdao Software Town (North Town). The North Town will play as the core area for the city’s software industry development, while the East Park and West Valley will act as main supporting areas. Besides, Shinan Software Park, Haier Information Industry Park and Hisense Software Park will be the base parks. Embedded software, industrial software and industry solution, basic software are the priority areas, while the development of information service industry and high-end service outsourcing are to be accelerated. New information technology services such as Internet of Things, Cloud Computing, E-commerce will be cultivated in priority.

Qingdao Pilot Zone for Cross-Strait Agricultural Cooperation

    Qingdao Pilot Zone for Cross-Strait Agricultural Cooperation was established in March 1999 with the approval of the Ministry of Commerce (the former Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Cooperation), Ministry of Agriculture and Taiwan Affairs Office of the State Council, with a planned area of 3,176 square kilometers, which covered the entire Pingdu City. Pingdu ranks among China’s top 100 cities in the production of grains, oil, meat and fruit. It is the “Town of Grape in China”, “Town of Peanut in China”, “Town of Ginger in China” and “Town of Cattle in China”.

Sino-German Eco Park

         The Sino-German Eco Park is a strategic cooperative project between the Chinese and German governments. In July 2010, the Memorandum of Understanding on Joint Support for the Establishment of the Sino-German Eco-park was signed by the Ministry of Commerce of China and German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, confirming the joint cooperation in building the Sino-Germany Eco-park in the Qingdao Economic and Technological Development Zone. In December 2011, the park’s foundation was officially laid. With a planned area of 11.58 square kilometers, the Park is a part of the Shandong Peninsula Blue Economy Zone Plan approved by the State Council. By centering on the eco-development philosophy of “Formulating and applying ecological criteria, incubating and developing low-carbon industries, constructing and promoting green cities”, the Park is to be built into a function-versatile, low-carbon, eco-friendly, commerce-feasible, livable and sustainable international cooperation park focusing on high-end manufacturing, supported by modern living service industries including eco-friendly residence and business on the basis of nature and ecology.

Jiaozhou Economic Technological Development Zone

       Jiaozhou Economic Technological Development Zone was upgraded to be a National Economic and Technological Development Zone with the approval of the State Council in December 2012. It boasts a launch area of 36.7 square kilometers, a core area of 102 square kilometers and an expanded area of 697.7 square kilometers. With the functional orientation of “six-regions and five centers”, the Zone will be developed into an advanced marine-related manufacturing base of Shandong Peninsula. The target of 2016 is to achieve an output value of 160 billion yuan from the advanced manufacturing industry.

City Scenery

Qingdao City

High-speed EMU Train Line Started by CSR Sifang Co.

Qingdao City

Phase III Container Terminal in Qianwan Being Constructing

Qingdao City

Qianwan Harbour District of Qingdao Port

Qingdao City

May Fourth Square

Qingdao City

Qingdao Fushan Bay

Qingdao City

Qingdao Olympic Sailing Center

Qingdao City

Sailing Capital-Qingdao City

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